Interior Design optical illusions, or how to change the space
If you decide to broaden the space of your flat, you can start redesigning or breaking old walls and making new ones. Of course, this method can broaden the space greatly, but it certainly doesn’t suit everybody, and sometimes it’s merely impossible. But the thing is that besides physical methods to modify the limits of your house, there are also some design decisions that can change the perception of a visual space. Therefore, it’s possible to “broaden” walls without destructions – for example, with the help of optical illusions. By optical illusions we mean those changes in visual perception of a room size that occur under the influence of psychological phenomena, contrasts, visual memory. A room can be visually deepened, narrowed, broadened, heightened, or lowered. Thus, the things that can correct the interior space are, first of all, color and the handle of the main interior elements as well as the distribution of lamps and the account of guided light.
Color and color combinations are an extremely effective and many-sided instrument of designers and decorators. By correctly controlling ground-colors and color stresses, you can visually change the space in all three dimensions.
For example, if a room is not big, you can “broaden” its walls by using “leaving” light cool colors in finishing – grey-blue, pearl, or pale green. If a room is larger, pastel or deep colors in a warm spectrum will be good for it.
Traditionally dark colors make rooms smaller and ceilings lower, while light ones visually broaden the space and a room seems wider and ceilings higher.
To the colors that visually broaden the space the following ones belong: white, beige-orange, yellow, cold light blue, blue, cold blue-green.
To the colors that create the effect of restraint and closeness of the space the following ones belong: black, dark brown, blue-green, blue-violet, rich red, yellow-red, orange-red, warm reddish colors.
There are also neutral colors that don’t quite change the space perception. These are green, purple-red and grey.
The broadening of visual space can serve a common color-grade of a sitting-room, a kitchen, and a dining room. The color of floors and walls should be the same as the main colors of the restrooms. If you want to make your flat look wider, its main rooms should be made in light and warm colors. Besides, the effect of a bigger height is achieved by coloring the floor in rich colors. Red and all shades of red effectively accentuate horizontal lines and planes of the floor. Blue and all its shades on the floor don’t dispose to a long stay on a room, but, at the same time, it seems big and wide. Yellow and all its shades on the floor make a room spare and sunny; however, light color visually doesn’t give a stable support for legs.
One more thing that also contributes to the change of the space is the style of finishing materials and interior articles.
For example, horizontal lines visually stretch a room, creating the effect of space increasing, but, at the same time, lower it. Vertical lines, on the contrary, narrow the space on the level, visually increasing it vertically.
Small décor visually makes a room wider, a big one – smaller.
White objects on a dark background visually make the space bigger, widening and lengthening it. Checkered, striped or filled with a repeated pattern, sections seem bigger than self-colored ones that are equal in size.
The use of verticals in the wall decoration visually makes a room higher. The same effect remains if there is a vertical in the form of pictures, which “elongate” the height. So do lamps and the position of upholstery lines.
The effect of more height is achieved by the use of the pattern that is on the background and of finishing materials with gloss varnishing.
When using optical illusions for visual correction of the space, a significant effect is achieved by the correct use of light stresses (change in the brightness of some room sections).
The effect of increasing the visual height of a room is made with the help of ceiling decoration with integrated lamps. Besides, you can do it with the use of the 3-D structure of suspended ceilings, mirror glass, illuminating in the top part of a room, or by creation of a shiny surface.
In general, if your ceiling is low, it’s better to abandon a massive luster. Light cold colors and shiny textures visually level it up. If you illuminate your ceiling with integrated lamps, you will have a rather interesting effect – as if a ceiling “dangles” above a room.
It’s also possible to evenly illuminate walls and lower corners of a room with small lamps. In this case it will visually look wider. If the space, on the contrary, must be narrowed, you should illuminate
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