All You Need to Know to Nurse a Sick Pooch
Everybody realizes the importance of looking after a sick person to aid in his or her recovery. But the same care and attention should be given to a sick dog as well.
A sick dog should be kept in a well-ventilated room with sufficient space. The area should be cleaned with a mixture containing one to three percent chlorine. A dog’s owner should remember that cleanliness of a room is very important to the recovery of the dog.
A dog should be kept far from the TV, stereo and other appliances and electronics. It’s not recommended to keep a dog in the kitchen because the environment—from the food to the gas and heat generated from the stove and oven—all prevent a speedy recovery.
To prevent bedsore on a dog that is immobile due to illness, rub thedog’s body with alcohol or a mixture of manganese crystals (KMnO4).
There shouldn’t be any toys, bones, or food on the dog’s sleeping area.
The care of a dog should be especially thorough if there is a problem with the sphincter. In this case, the anal and reproductive regions should be washed with soap and rubbed with a mixture of manganese crystals.
Properly caring for the mouth
While a dog is ill, you should thoroughly take care of the mouth. Teeth diseases can be prevented, and much of it depends on the owner. You should try to remove food remains from the dog’s teeth because microbes will develop there and can be harmful to the teeth. A decaying particle of food in the mouth mixes with salts from the mucus membrane; this leads to the build up of tartar and cariosities. It also causes halitosis in the dog’s mouth.
Regular care for the mouth will prevent diseases in the teeth and in the mucus membrane.
The easiest preparation for dental hygiene is a light-pink mixture of manganese crystals. A wad of gauze should be moistened in a warm mixture, and you should wash the dog’s mouth with it. It can be repeated two to three times a day, after each feeding.
In case of purulent conjunctivitis and other diseases, eyes should be washed and rubbed.
Before washing the dog’s eyes you should wash your hands with soap. Treat the eyes with hygroscopic cotton, soaked in a disinfecting mixture (for example a two or three percent mixture of boric acid). Washing and rubbing the eyes or washing away dried pus should be done in a motion that starts at the external corner of the eye and ends at the internal corner. Pieces of cotton should be changed often. Use a new swab for each eye.
Caring for the nose
While a dog is suffering from an illness he will have secretions that will dry out and leave a scab. This makes it difficult for a dog to breathe because a dog only breathes through the nose. To make this process easier you should remove scabs after softening them with liquid paraffin, cod-liver oil, or glycerin. Accumulations of secretion out of the nose can be removed with rolled cotton soaked in these oils.
Caring for the ears
If there is an inflammation of the middle ear, especially chronic, treatment is not quick and the owner should perform all basic procedures.
First of all, you should remove pus from the ear canals. This can be done by using a thin wooden stick, such as a match, wrapped in gauze or cotton. Soak the cotton in helix.
For medical cleansing of an ear, mixtures of boric acid, three-percent hydrogen peroxide, etc. are used.
After removing pus, a remedy recommended by a veterinarian is inserting a pipette; the end of a pipette should not have any cracks or splinters, as to not cut or scrape the dog’s ear.
In case of different diseases, integument is often injured both regions with or without hair.
When treating this condition, first of all you should clear the infected area of hair, grease it with a mixture of hydrogen peroxide or manganese crystals, and then apply the remedy recommended by your veterinarian.
If the medicines are powders, use a swab to apply the powder. Treatment with ointments is done this way: the infected region of the skin is prepared, and then dried with a sterile piece of gauze. Then, a thin layer of an ointment is applied with a plastic or metal spatula.
If a vet has recommended a liquid medicine, it’s better to put it on the skin with a small piece of gauze.
If you don’t have sterile bandages or gauze, you can use regular washed and ironed cloths or handkerchiefs.
Feeding an ill dog
To be sure the dog comes off the sickness smoothly, it’s very important to feed the dog in the right way. Food should be easily digestible and should contain a necessary quantity of vitamins, proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. Spicy products, which irritate mucus membranes of the mouth cavity, larynx, and stomach, are not suggested. In case of a nervous system illness, do not give a dog wine.
Feeding an ill dog, if there are no special recommendations from your vet, should be in accordance to the portions that you would give a dog that was completely healthy. This will help the dog receive proper nutrition and recover from the disease.
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