Purchasing and Nurturing a Perfect Houseplant
There are a lot of different domestic plants so it is easy to make a mistake when choosing decorative plants or flowers for the home. When visiting friends try to find out what kinds of domestic plants look good in their house. Some types of plants can grow extremely large in public buildings. Usually these public buildings have enough light and humidity to grow a plant, and you should determine whether or not you could provide the same conditions in your house. Think in advance about the size and look of plants that you want and where in your house is the best place for them. Also determine which you prefer most – leaves or flowers. And is there enough light and warmth in the rooms where you will be keeping the plants?
So what is the best plant to choose if you are a new and inexperienced in house gardening?
The look and size of a plant
Nearly all flowering plants are beautiful all year long, but certain houseplants look nice for just a short period of time and then they need to be removed.
Some plants are known for their extreme durability. For example, sansevieria, aphasia, aspidistra, many of the usual succulents and tsiperus (if it is not dried up) all fit this description. It is not very hard to care for plants that can survive in various conditions. We suggest considering the following plants out of this diverse group: asparagus, chlorophitum, coleus, monstera and philodendron. However, domestic plants such as cyclamen and chrysanthemum are best suited to give as a gift, for after standing in a pot for several weeks they begin to fade. These types of decorative flowers and plants are expected to live for a short time.
Usually one type of domestic plant can be more expensive than another. The higher price of a plant can be explained by the fact that it grows slower and is harder to reproduce. If you want a lot of leaves but don’t want to spend a lot of money, buy small cheap plants for future growing or grow plants from seeds or sticks.
When selecting a plant it is very important to consider the conditions (light and temperature) that can be provided. Some plants need low temperatures during winter; others do better in direct sunlight, while still others would probably die in these same conditions. A new plant may have a hard time adapting to the new conditions and environment that are foreign to it. Many plants suffer in dark, dry places after spending a lot of time in a sunny, humid room.
What’s with the temperature?
Domestic plants need relatively stable and neutral climate conditions in the period of growth, and colder temperatures in the period of rest. Only a few types grow well in rooms under the temperature of 73° F. This is due to the fact that plants are exposed to less light and moisture in domestic conditions than in natural tropical conditions or in a greenhouse, so they don’t need high temperatures to feel well.
The following are signs of poor temperature conditions:
- Flowers fade too fast (the air is too warm).
- Elongated branches and leaves under sufficient lighting during winter or early spring (the air is too warm).
- Leaves become yellow very quickly and fall off branches (sudden temperature fluctuations).
- Leaves roll, blacken and fall (the temperature is too low).
- Lower leaves fade away, their edges darken. The lower leaves fall off (the temperature is too high).
Proper lighting conditions are an important factor in keeping a plant alive and healthy. A normal plant needs 12 to 16 hours of natural and sufficient light for active growth. Shorter periods of time in light slow photosynthesis, which explains why bright winter days don’t break the hibernation of decorative plants.
Some plants grow perfectly on a sunny windowsill but quickly wilt and fade in dark places. Meanwhile shadow plants can’t stand direct sunlight.
Anglaonema, aspidistra, dracaena, sanseviria, scindampus, tolmia, fichus and philodendron are examples of common shadow plants. Some shadow resistant plants can stand complete shade for one to two months, while others can consistently grow in such conditions.
Semi-shadow plants include Anglaonema, aspidistra, dracaena, sanseviria, scindampus, tolmia, fichus and philodendron.
Light but without direct sun
Plants that need a fair amount of light but should not be placed in direct sunlight are azalea, anturium, asparagus, royal begonia, grapes, zigocactus, monstera, peperomia, pilea, spatifullum, scindampus, philodendron, chlorophitum and cyclamen.
Rare direct sunlight
The following plants need occasional direct sunlight, but should not be overexposed: baloperone, ginura, zebrina, capsicum, codeum, cordilline,
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