Epilation and Depilation
There are several methods to eliminate undesirable hair, from laser epilating to sugaring. This article will provide information on depilation and epilating, which will explain in detail the differences in each hair removal method. The term epilating refers to the reproductive system of a hair -- a hair bulb, or a hair follicle. This means that not only the hair removal should take place, but also the elimination of its superfluous growth. In one or several procedures the quantity of hair bulbs decreases, due to that the constant effect is achieved.
Depilation is hair removal without influence on a hair follicle, although there is some influence on the reproductive system of a hair. Waxing (wax depilation) and other methods mean hair pulling.
Wax epilation (waxing)
Wax epilation (more commonly called depilation), consists of pulling the hair out with the help of wax -- the hair follicle is also sometimes removed in the process. A special solution which contains adhesive substances such as wax, honey, biologically active substances, or sedatives, is placed directly to the skin. The advantage of this method is the low cost in comparison with laser and electric epilation. Waxing also produces a more consistent result than shaving. In some instances, a slight decrease in hair growth for a long period of time after the procedure can be noticed.
Laser epilating consists of using a laser beam to destroy the hair follicle. The hair bulb contains cells with a pigment which absorbs light and collapses. Due to a local, short time (milliseconds) influence and fast cooling, laser epilation is painless. The advantage of this kind of epilation is that it provides an opportunity for use in “bikini zones," auxiliary areas, and on the face. Other advantages of laser epilation include a high level of hair removal (kill ratio) and a high percentage of permanently removed hair. Laser epilating methods have restrictions on light skin and light hair, and also a high cost in comparison with other methods.
Hair type dictates the number of laser beam pulses that are needed to effectively remove hair. Hair quantity and its structure affect the price of the procedure -- wiry, dark hair is more expensive while soft hair is less expensive.
With photoepilation, hair bulbs are affected by short light flashes. The principle of follicle elimination is the same as laser epilation with only a minor difference -- the influence is carried out on a larger area. Quite often, laser epilation is related to one kind of photoepilation. The advantages of this method include: painlessness and the opportunity for the procedure to be used in “bikini zones,” auxiliary areas, and on the face. Photoepilation can also be conducted for a lower cost than laser epilation. In some instances, however, it is possible for the total cost to be the same.
The removal of hair and hair follicles through thermolysis occurs by a variable electric current passing through a hair follicle. Thermolysis causes oscillation of molecules, which results in local allocation of heat and destruction of the cells responsible for hair growth. The flash-method utilizes a high frequency alternating current which allows for a less painful process. The blend-method combines thermolysis and electrolysis. This makes the procedure less painful, but longer. The advantages of thermolysis include: the speed of the procedure, the steady effect it has on hair follicles, and the complexity of epilation in the “bikini zone,” auxiliary areas, on the face. If the procedure, however, is not carried out correctly it is quite possible that the burns may leave little seams. Modern modifications of thermolysis (flash and blend) are less painful and more effective, however they are more expensive.
Electrolysis occurs by applying a constant electric current to hair follicles. A needle is used to allow an electrical current to flow through to the hair follicle. Just as with thermolysis, there is an electrochemical reaction. The generated alkali and acid destroy the cells responsible for hair growth. The advantage of electrolysis is that it has a smaller morbidity in comparison with thermolysis; this, in turn, determines the opportunity of carrying out the procedure in sensitive zones. A negative aspect of electrolysis is the length of the procedure.
Many refer this method as waxing. Why? Because the process is similar; it involves removing the hair with the help of a sticky adhesive -- in this case heated sugar -- with the addition of citric juice and other common substances. The solution is rendered on the skin, evenly spread, and then carefully removed with the hair. The obvious advantage of this method is that it’s
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