The Art of Learning–Teaching a Child to Draw
The realization of reality doesn’t happen through standard drawing skills but via the observation of drawn object. Don’t rush to teach a kid to learn drawing the blue sky, yellow sun and green grass. Let your child get acquainted with the rich world of bright colors and numerous forms.
Give your kid a certain aim
Attentively look at your child’s drawings. If he draws senseless lines, start the learning from the forming of a simple task.
The first stage is distinguishing these lines, giving them names and recognizing familiar objects. Help your kid. It is better not to state but to ask: “Is this a ball?” (or “What is it? An apple?”) After some time the child having drawn the similar figure will call it an apple or a ball by himself.
Now you can start a new stage: drawing according to a preset plan. “Let’s draw a ball,” you tell your child. He or she draws a round shape and calls it a ball.
It will still be a long time until the drawings of your kid will look like the real objects. Kids are slow in mastering the technique of drawing. But the following trick will help you.
Study the portrayed object
The new task is to teach your kid to perceive the form of an object and correctly reflect it in the drawing. Outlining is a good training for this process. It is most suitable to draw simple objects that are made up of two or three main parts. A ball, a Barbie cup and a rubber duck are suitable for this task. While outlining triangles pay close attention to the angles so that the kid can watch and feel their sharpness. It will help him draw the triangle correctly. He will probably draw them as lines piercing the contour. Don’t feel the need to correct him. After some time he will understand that angle is not a separate detail but a part of the outline. Independent discovering and learning is always more valuable than understanding obtained from a hint.
I ask John to draw a man. He draws a typical “headleg” man (a usual for three year old kids drawing when a man consists of a head and legs, growing from it). I take a musical weeble-wobble toy because it is very good for drawing lessons. “Can you draw this toy?” It is pretty easy for John. But the drawing is about the same as the previous one.
Then I take the pencil from him and say: “Let’s see what the toy has.” “The head,” says John. “We have to see what it looks like.” I take his hand and outline the head of the toy with his finger. “You see, it is round.” And only after that do I give him the pencil back.
He draws a ring – it is the head of the toy. “What else does it have?” “The body,” he says. We outline the body and John draws it. In the same way we draw arms (they are in the form of two small balls as well).
“What else does it have?” “Buttons,” he says. But we don’t outline them because they are too small for this trick. Once the buttons are drawn I ask again: “And what else?” Now John notices eyes and tries to picture them on the body near the buttons. I stop him: “Look, where are the eyes?” “Right here.” “You are right; they are here on the head,” I say, encouraging him. So the eyes are drawn in the proper place. After additional questions we draw the mouth, nose, eyebrows and even eyelashes. Not everything is in its proper place, but the overall picture is much better than the previous one.
Gradual enriching of the initial schematic drawing, furthered by a question (“What else is there?”) teaches a child to study objects, and note “what they are made of.” Such exercises are better done with complex objects with lots of details: a man, a doll or a toy car. If one of the important details has been forgotten you should give your child a hint.
You should not manage the process of drawing any time you give your child a pencil. It is necessary to leave him alone with the sheet of paper so he will get used to acting on his own. You should pay special attention to pictures drawn without your supervision. The best of them are worth framing and can be given to mom or dad on their birthday.
Express emotions with color
Kids especially like painting. It is also very useful for a child’s development. Under the right supervision, painting develops the feeling of color and allows the kid to express emotions with the help of different colors. It may be surprising, but kids can already use colors to express their emotions at the age of three. This is supported by observing the drawings of mentally sick children, suffering from depression (stable decrease in mood).
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