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Caring for Fuchsia

Fuchsia is a very beautiful houseplant. It appeals to people because of its abundant and long flowerage, which blooms from spring to autumn. Plant breeders have bred a great number of various cultivars. There are pendulous and bunch-forming cultivars. The fuchsia grows abundantly in baskets, on tree trunks or in bushes. Fuchsia grows both indoors and outdoors

(they cannot stand harsh winters and should be taken indoors for the winter months). Fuchsias do not require much care or effort and its luxurious flowers with beautiful skirts will brighten your mood.


Fuchsia’s flower shapes and color shades are nearly unlimited. There are over 10,000 hybrid varieties of Fuchsia bred in the world. There are also a large number of worldwide clubs comprised of Fuchsia lovers -- they often perform serious selective breeding of new varieties of Fuchsia.


A background


The fuchsia plant was developed in 1695 by French botanist Charles Plumyer. He named it after a German botanist and doctor, Leonhart Fux: "Fuchsia triphylla flore coccinea." Afterward, scientists discovered over 100 wild species.


The Fuchsia became a very popular flower right away, and over the course of several years, the first hybrid varieties were bred. The fuchsia class refers to a bloodline of willow weed and counts approximately 100 plant species growing in the New World. The homeland of the most cultivated Fuchsia varieties is Mexico, Chili and Peru.


Secrets of handling


Extra nutrition. Frequent feedings of Fuchsia begin in late March to early April. To provide excellent growth and flowerage, Fuchsia is fed regularly once a week with finished fertilizers prepared for floricultural crops in standard dosage. In open ground, biogenic plant fertilizers are very effective. But this naturally depends on the season. In winter, dormant plants are not fed.


Temperature. The ideal temperature for Fuchsia is moderate or a little below moderate. For successful growth and flowerage, nominal daytime temperature is 20° and somewhat lower at night. The plants grow well in the open air in summertime, particularly in August through September when the temperature drop in the daytime and at night is significant and dew falls on the leaves. When the temperature rises above 30° stop, the plants quit blooming, throw their leaves away and wither. During the hot season they especially suffer indoors, therefore it makes sense to bring them out into the open air for a short time, for instance, on a balcony (but not a southern or southeastern balcony – here they will heat even stronger than in a room).


Do not allow the plant to be in direct sunrays, as it will die. Protect the flowerpot itself against direct sunrays. You may want to wrap it in white paper. At the heat of midday, it is better to move the Fuchsia deep into a room or into shade.


The Fuchsia will die in the heat through overheating of roots, therefore it is recommended to grow Fuchsias in ceramic pots and not in plastic ones where the roots heat more.

Do not use small pots, the roots heat faster in them. Replant the flower in a bigger pot as needed.


Lighting: Most Fuchsias prefer half shade in the garden and eastern or western windows in the room. Fuchsias also like the morning sun and do not care for the hot afternoon sun.


Watering: Fuchsias require an abundant amount of water from spring through autumn, and moderate watering in winter. In summer, the plants prefer abundant watering as much of the upper layer of soil dries out. In winter, they are watered dependent on specific conditions. Growing and blooming species are watered heavily. Reposing plants are watered once a week and at low temperatures plants are watered one to two times monthly.


Air humidity: It is recommended to spray the leaves during the growing period. You can use a cuvette spray with pebble filled with water and put nearby (but not used as a tray) the flowers to create more moisture.


Replanting: Replant annually in spring. Any fertile garden soil can be used or finished factory mixtures. Drainage is important. If there is no drainage, the bushes will get too much water, especially in winter. If the pot with Fuchsia stands on a balcony, the water retaining components are added into the substance, for example, loam. Fuchsias are heavy “eater.” They like nutritive tender soil. Sand and humus are recommended additions to the soil. Drainage is a must.


Reproduction: Fuchsias can be reproduced by using grafts in spring and summer. You may also purchase Fuchsia seeds.


Fuchsias are grafted during the whole period of growth, from spring until autumn and with additional lighting, it is also possible even in winter. For grafts, lignifying branchlets are used. One pair of upper leaves is left. The grafts are rooted in fine sand with peat, pearlite

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